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- Samson AdebowaleKeymaster
Constructing a block wall requires careful calculations to ensure you have the right amount of materials. In this article, we will break down the calculations needed to determine how much cement is necessary to build a 1 square meter (1 sqm) wall using standard 20 cm x 20 cm x 20 cm blocks, accounting for mortar joint thickness and mix ratios.

#### Step 1: Determine the Number of Blocks

To find out how many blocks are needed to cover 1 sqm, we first calculate the area covered by one block.

**Block Height (h):**20 cm**Block Width (w):**20 cm**Area Covered by One Block:**To find the area covered by one block, we multiply its height by its width.

**Height:**20 cm**Width:**20 cm

Therefore, the area covered by one block is:

- 20 cm * 20 cm = 400 cm²

Now, we divide the total area to be covered (1 sqm = 10,000 cm²) by the area covered by one block:

To determine how many blocks are needed to cover the entire area, we divide the total area by the area covered by one block:

**Total area:**10,000 cm² (1 square meter)**Area covered by one block:**400 cm²

Therefore, the number of blocks required is:

- 10,000 cm² / 400 cm² = 25 blocks

So,

**25 blocks**are needed to construct a 1 sqm wall.#### Step 2: Account for Mortar Joints

Next, we must consider the mortar joint thickness, which affects the overall dimensions of the wall. Given that the mortar joint thickness is 1 cm on all sides, we adjust the dimensions:

**Effective Block Height (including mortar):**The calculation is correct. Adding 20 centimeters and 2 centimeters equals 22 centimeters.**Effective Block Width (including mortar):**Adding 20 centimeters and 2 centimeters equals 22 centimeters.

Now, we calculate the area covered by one block (including mortar joints):

To find the effective area covered by one block (including the mortar joints), we multiply the effective height (which includes the mortar thickness on top and bottom) by the effective width (which includes the mortar thickness on the left and right).

**Effective height:**22 cm**Effective width:**22 cm

Therefore, the effective area covered by one block is:

- 22 cm * 22 cm = 484 cm²

#### Step 3: Calculate the Total Wall Area

Since we need 25 blocks to cover 1 sqm, the total area covered by the blocks (including mortar joints) will be:

To calculate the total area covered by all the blocks (including the mortar joints), we multiply the number of blocks by the effective area covered by each block.

**Number of blocks:**25**Effective area covered by one block:**484 cm²

Therefore, the total wall area is:

- 25 blocks * 484 cm²/block = 12,100 cm²

#### Step 4: Determine Cement Quantity

Now we’ll consider the mortar mix ratio of 1 part cement to 6 parts sand by volume:

**Cement-to-Sand Ratio:**1:6**Total Parts in the Mix:**$1+6=7parts$

The proportion of cement in the mix is:

$The cement proportion in the mortar mix is indeed 1/7. This means that for every 7 parts of the total mix, 1 part is cement. $

To find the amount of cement needed, we multiply the total wall area by the cement proportion:

Here’s the breakdown:

**Total Wall Area:**12,100 cm²**Cement Proportion:**1/7 (since the mortar mix ratio is 1 part cement to 6 parts sand)

**Calculation:**Cement Quantity = Total Wall Area × Cement Proportion Cement Quantity = 12,100 cm² × (1/7) Cement Quantity = 1,728.57 cm²

Therefore, the total cement quantity needed for the wall is 1,728.57 square centimeters.

#### Step 5: Convert to Bags of Cement

A standard cement bag typically contains 50 kg of cement. First, we convert the area to square meters:

Here’s a breakdown of the calculation:

**Cement quantity (cm²):**1,728.57 cm²**Conversion factor:**1 square meter = 10,000 square centimeters**Cement quantity (m²):**1,728.57 cm² / 10,000 cm²/m² = 0.172857 m²

Now, we calculate the cement weight:

Cement Weight = Cement Quantity × Cement Density = 0.167829 sqm × 50 kg/sqm = 8.39145 kg

#### Conclusion

To construct a 1 sqm block wall with the specified assumptions, you’ll need approximately

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